Disease Management

Medications

Medications may be needed in addition to making lifestyle changes. Some medications decrease the workload on your heart and relieve your symptoms. Others decrease your chance of having a heart attack or sudden death, and prevent or delay the need to have a special procedure (angioplasty or bypass surgery). Some common medications used to treat CHD are:

  • MedicationCholesterol lowering medications
  • Anticoagulants - prevent clots from forming in your arteries and blocking blood flow
  • Aspirin - an antiplatelet medication to prevent clots from forming in your arteries and blocking blood flow. Aspirin may not be appropriate for some people because it increases the risk of bleeding. Please discuss the benefits and risks with your physician before starting aspirin therapy
  • Other antiplatelet medications
  • ACE inhibitors - lower blood pressure and reduce the strain on your heart
  • Beta-blockers - slow your heart rate and lower your blood pressure to decrease the workload on your heart
  • Calcium channel blockers - relax blood vessels and lower your blood pressure
  • Nitroglycerin - prevents or relieves chest pain
  • Long-acting nitrates - open up arteries to the heart, increasing blood flow
  • Glycoprotein IIb - IIIa inhibitors-strong antiplatelet medications used in the hospital during and after angioplasty
  • Thrombolytics - dissolve clots that can occur during heart attacks

It is very important for you to take your medication regularly and as prescribed by your physician. You can manage and control your CHD by taking your medicines as directed and by making the necessary lifestyle changes.


The above information was obtained from the following Web sites, please visit them for additional information: